The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is the largest assembly of world nations after the UN; a forum that brings together 120 members, 17 observer countries and 10 observer organizations declaring their non-bloc affiliation and impartiality. Founded in 19...
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is the largest assembly of world nations after the UN; a forum that brings together 120 members, 17 observer countries and 10 observer organizations declaring their non-bloc affiliation and impartiality. Founded in 1961 in Belgrade, by participating 25 states, the Movement assembles 2/3 of the UN members and 55% of the world population.
At a time of increasing polarization in international politics (at the beginning of 20th century) - when former USSR and the US were the opposing poles - the NAM played the role of a "refuge and protection platform" for third countries. Currently, some members of the Movement have risen from developing countries to developed ones, and are playing an active role in world politics. Although the original essence of the anti-imperialist Movement has lost its relevance to such countries, there are still states that need to be supported politically, economically and socially. The Non-Aligned Movement liberates these countries from the "political dependence" of their powerful neighbours. Consequently, the Movement enables member states not only to conduct independent policies but also to maintain moderation in relations with powerful nations. The voice of 120 countries sounds loud enough.
Accordingly, the NAM can act as a platform for fundamental changes in international economic relations as a mechanism for regulating the socio-economic relations of the Member States, which will allow the former mandate countries to use their natural resources to revitalize their economies and social welfare in their national interests. At present, rather than being just a "shelter or moral support" for third countries, the NAM can be transformed as a working mechanism that can take practical steps not only as a defender of peace but also as a provider of political, economic, environmental and other rights.
Azerbaijan holds the current chairmanship for the period over 2019-2022. Substantially, Azerbaijan"s presidency of the Movement is a positive development for the state located in a delicate neighborhood. It is no doubt that during its chairmanship it will seek to attract more support for the resolution of the Armenian-Azerbaijan conflict in accordance with the norms and principles of international law, namely the respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan based on the four (822, 853, 874, 884) UN Security Council Resolutions.